TOKYO, Dec 23 (Reuters) – Japan unveiled on Friday a record 114.4 trillion yen ($863 billion) budget for the next fiscal year from April, pushed up by increased military spending and higher social security costs for a fast-ageing population
The budget – endorsed by Prime Minister Fumio Kishida’s cabinet on Friday along with a bond issuance plan – features record military and welfare spending for a country saddled with an ageing population and as it confronts regional security issues from an ever-assertive China and an unpredictable North Korea.
To fund defence spending for military facilities, warships and other vessels, the government decided to use construction bonds worth 434.3 billion yen, to be issued in fiscal 2023, in an unprecedented move.
The budget got a boost from Kishida’s controversial plan to double Japan’ defence spending to 2% of GDP by 2027, straining Japan’s already tattered finances under the weight of public debt at 2.5 times the size of its economy.
In a brighter sign for the economy, the budget draft expected Japan to rake in a record tax revenue worth 69.44 trillion yen, reflecting improving corporate profits and 69.44 trillion yen to lower new bond issuance to 35.62 trillion yen.
The budget assumed next fiscal year’s exchange rate at 137 yen to the dollar, the weakest since 2010, in calculating fiscal 2023 budget spending for defence and diplomacy, the officials said.
($1 = 132.5900 yen) (Reporting by Tetsushi Kajimoto; Editing by Jacqueline Wong)